Plumbing is any system that conveys fluids for a good variety of applications. Plumbing uses pipes, valves, plumbing fixtures, tanks, and different apparatuses to convey fluids.[1] Heating and cooling (HVAC), waste removal, and potable water delivery square measure among the foremost common uses for plumbing, howeverit’s not restricted to those applications.[2] The word derives from the Latin for lead, plumbing, because the 1st effective pipes employed in the Roman era were lead pipes.[3]

In the developed world, plumbing infrastructure is vital to public health and sanitation.[4][5] Boilermakers and pipefitters don’t seem to be plumbers, though they work with piping as a part of their trade, however, their work will embrace some plumbing.